Quick Answer: How To Read Legal Citation?

What do the numbers mean in a legal citation?

Citations to the United States Code follow the same general format as cases; however, the first number refers to the title of the United States Code rather than a volume number, and the second number refers to the section number of the code rather than the page number.

What is a legal citation example?

Legal citation is the practice of crediting and referring to authoritative documents and sources. This is an example citation to a United States Supreme Court court case: Griswold v. Connecticut, 381 U.S. 479, 480 (1965).

How do you read a legal citation in Canada?

Canadian practice is to cite cases by the name of the parties (italicized) separated by “v.” (not italicized), year. It consists of three parts:

  1. year of decision.
  2. abbreviation of the court.
  3. an ordinal number.

What is the legal citation format?

The most frequently used style manual for citing to Legal Documents is the The Bluebook: a uniform system of citation. APA, MLA and Chicago Manual of Style all refer to the Bluebook for citing to certain documents such as cases.

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Is a citation worse than a ticket?

There is no difference between a citation and a ticket. In both cases, this is a written document typically issued by a police officer. In some cases, a speeding camera may notify the police if you were not obeying traffic laws and a citation may be issued.

How do you make a citation legal?

A citation for a reported judgment should contain:

  1. names of the parties (with a v in between)
  2. identifying date or volume number of report series, or both.
  3. abbreviation for the law report series title.
  4. page number at which the case begins.

What are citations examples?

Example Citations: Articles

  • AuthorLastName, AuthorFirstName. “Article Title.” Journal Title, Version, Number, Publication Date, Page Numbers.
  • L’Ambrosch, Zampoun and Teodolinda Roncaglia.
  • Newspaper Article from an Online Database.
  • Newspaper Article from Web or Print Source.

What citation style do lawyers use?

The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation, print. The style most commonly used by lawyers and legal scholars.

How do you read a citation?

Clues to reading a citation

  1. Italics are used to set off the title. Sometimes the title is underlined instead.
  2. There is a place of publication and a publisher.
  3. There is no volume or issue number.
  4. There are no page numbers.

How do you write a case citation?

To cite to a case in a regional reporter, list the following six elements in order:

  1. Name of the case (italicized or underlined – if writing a brief or memo, per Rule B2);
  2. Volume of the reporter;
  3. Reporter abbreviation;
  4. First page where the case can be found in the reporter and pinpoint page if required;

What is a pinpoint citation?

A pinpoint citation, often called a pincite, is necessary to point the reader to specific the page(s) within the case. Pincites are placed after the page on which the case begins, separated by a comma and a space.

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How do you read a criminal case citation?

Every legal case citation has two basic parts, separated by a comma. The first part contains the case name. The second part contains case citation information: the year of the decision, the law reporter(s), and the name of the court where the case was tried. (There are some exceptions to this pattern).

How many types of citation styles are there?

There are (3) major citation styles used in academic writing:

  • Modern Language Association (MLA)
  • American Psychological Association (APA)
  • Chicago, which supports two styles: Notes and Bibliography. Author-Date.

What are the two major legal encyclopedias?

The two major legal encyclopedias on US law are American Jurisprudence (Am. Jur.) 2d (available on NexisUni and Westlaw) and Corpus Juris Secundum (CJS) (available on Westlaw).

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